Indonesia

Ultimate in Diversity

Location

Indonesian archipelago comprises 17,508 islands. The capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Malaysia, East Timor, and Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Istiqlal_Mosque and Jakrta cathedral

The People

Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. With a population of around 230 million people, it is the world's fourth most populous country. Due to its vastness across many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest and most politically dominant ethnic group. Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism. It is truly an Ultimate in Diversity.

Indonesia has around 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural differences developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and European sources. Early Hindu and Buddhist influences are prevalent all over Indonesia. On the Island of Bali more than 91% of the populations are Hindus. There main spoken Language is Bahasa Indonesia and English is also widely spoken.

Climate

Situated along the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Mountainous areas—particularly in the west coast of Sumatra, West Java, The islands of Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua—receive the highest rainfall.

Temperatures vary little throughout the year; the average daily temperature range of Jakarta is 26–30°C (79°F). Humidity is generally high, around 80%.

What's in for the Visitor

Borobudur CCSA3.0 Ijava

The most popular destination that comes to mind is Bali.

Bali is located at the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. The provincial capital is Denpasar situated at the south of the island. It is the most popular destination for Western tourists as it offers great Beaches, Surfing, Food and Fun. Kuta beach a famous meeting point.

For Extreme Surfing Head to Nias Island

Nīas is an island off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Nias Island is mostly lowland of approximately 800 m above sea and covers an area of 4,771 Sq.Km.

With beautiful white sandy beaches, the waters surrounding the island are great for sea activities, such as surfing and scuba diving.

The waves of Sorake Beach on Lagundri Bay have ranked to be within the best ten waves in the world, as high as 3.5 meters. Surfers will call this island "Paradise on Earth".

Recent discovery in Western Sumatra are the Mentawai islands 150 Km of the Western Coast. Facing the Indian Ocean has great and consistent waves. It is a Surfing Mecca.

For lovers of Nature and fauna, Kalimantan ( Borneo Island) offers the Best in Eco-tourism. This Island is divided into four regions. Other than access to the major cities by Air, River transportation is the only transport available.

Getting there
The country is well connected by Air and Sea. Most visitor usually arrive at Jakarta and then take a regional airline to their destination. Major Airlines fly directly to major destinations like Denpasar, Medan and many cities in Kalimantan, Sulawesi etc.

Going there by Sea is not for the faint hearted. Most ferries are overcrowded and accidents are frequent unfortunately.

Quick Facts
Map of Indonesia

Cell phone: Extensive coverage in major cities with full roaming. GSM,3-G, EDGE in major cities only
Internet: Cafes, hotels

Electricity: 230V AC 50Hz.

Currency: Indonesian Rupiah

Credit cards:

Major credit cards are accepted at most hotels, shops and restaurants.
Currency Changers are available at major cities only, so it is advisable to change prior to traveling inland and outlying islands.

Visas:

Most European nationals and US citizens do not need visas for visits of less than thirty days.

Please check with the Indonesian Embassy Website for latest info on Visas requirements

Immunizations: Hepatitis, Malaria

A1travelntours.com recommended place

Lake Toba - credit CCSA3.0 Gagon


Bali Island

Nias Island

Mentawai Island

Kalimantan

Indonesia is a land of Contrasts, due to its geographical vastness and the ethnic makeup.

There are travel and tours to fit every interest. For those who seek adventure there is plenty, from Jungle to monstrous waves for Surfers.

Food, Sights and Sounds awaits you. A great vacation destination.

Back to South East Asia Travel and Tours